Honor and Shame as New Covenant Language
The removal of shame is a new covenant reality. When God (re)makes his covenant, he removes the shame of his people. This covenantal context, I believe, is crucial to properly understanding the nature of biblical shame, and, thus, salvation as a whole.
In the OT, when God renews the covenant, when he brings his people back from exile, when he remakes his creation then his people will receive his spirit, overcome evil powers, and be freed from shame. This concepts are all tied coque samsung a70 captain america together in new covenant salvation.
And so, the language of shame (and honor) in the early Christian writings points to covenant. The fact that we no longer have shame indicates that God has fulfilled his covenant with his people. New Testament references to the absence of shame and the bestowal coque iphone x xs fleur rouge of glory should be read as new covenant language.
Many biblical goku w8837 coque iphone 7 plus iphone 8 plus 1coques8plusiphone8081 interpreters read the biblical language of shame in light of psychology and anthropology. But honor and shame is, foremost, covenantal language. In my opinion, this realization properly frames honor shame language in the NT. The „blessings and curses“ of Deuteronomy 28 explain the ways God will honor and shame his people. Promises of honor bookend the list of blessings in vv. 1 14 „If you will only obeytheLordyour God will i never mom coque iphone 11 set you high above all the coque iphone 7 rockstar 7032antenpascher2757 nations of the earth“ (v. 1) and „TheLordwill make you the head, and not the tail; you shall be only at the top, and not at the bottom, if you obey“ (v. 14). If Israel remains faithful to honoring God via obedience, they will be honored and exalted before other nations, in the form of land, health, and wealth.
Conversely, the nation of Israel faces shameful curses if it breaks covenant with God. Israel will, among many other things, be defeated coque iphone xr sexy girl racing tunning voiture by enemies (v. 25), oppressed and robbed continually (v. 29), cuckolded as others take their wives (v. 30), become a horror and byword among all peoples (v. 37), and made lower and lower (v. 43). Its status and reputation coque iphone 7 stade rochelais 7032antenpascher3462 will fall, even to the point of their becoming unwanted slaves (v. 68). When Israel does not respect the glorious and awesome name of Yahweh (v. 58), its own name becomes an object of derision and scorn.
Keeping the covenant confers honor, while breaking the covenant brings shame.
The Prophetic Vision of Isaiah
To comfort and admonish God’s people, the prophets of Israel proclaimed the future day of God’s salvation. When God delivers his people, the covenant curses and shame of exile would be removed. Ancient Israelites experienced exile as shame (cf. Lam 1:1, 2:1, 5:1; Neh 1:3, 2:17). Thus, they awaited the day when they would no longer face that disgrace (cf. Joel 2:26 28; Zeph 3:19 diamond s0051 coque samsung galaxy s20 s20 5g 20). In other words, they hoped for the renewal of covenant and coque iphone x xs battlefield 3 game 5 the re gifting of covenant blessings (cf. Duet 28:1 14). This divine intervention would reverse the status of all the lowly brought high and the proud made humble. Isaiah, in particular, speaks of this eschatological „escape from shame.“ These verses are issued as promises to Israel regarding its new exodus.
Instead of your shame you will receive a doubleportion, and instead of diamond supply co l1988 coque samsung galaxy s20 s20 5g disgrace you will rejoice in your inheritance. (Isa 45:16 17)
I will make with you an everlasting covenant,and nations that do not know you shall run to you, because of theLordyour God, the Holy One of Israel, for he has glorified you. (Isa 55:3 5)
These promises of salvation are not abstract soteriological declarations but, rather, relational actions that evoke the renewal of covenant. Ancient Israelites would interpret these prophetic words in the context of their covenant with Yahweh, as described in Exodus and Deuteronomy.
Isaiah, Romans, 1 Peter
As an example, we examine how the apostles used one particular verse from Isaiah.
One, each instance is a direct bts just one day w0080 coque samsung galaxy s20 s20 5g citation from Scripture, not merely an echo. „As it is written“, „For the Scripture says“, „For it stands in Scripture“. They are locating their story within the story of jack daniel p1038 coque iphone 7 plus iphone 8 plus 1coques8plusiphone9744 Israel, which involves God’s covenant with Israel.
Two, the benefit of „not being put to shamed“ () accrues to „the one who believes/trusts unto him“ (‘ ). We escape shame by having faith. And, just like „shame,“ the word „faith“ is covenantal. Nijay Gupta states, „Faith language points to covenant.“ The Greek word „faith“ was a coque disney samsung galaxie a5 2017 political/military term for mutual and harmonious relationships. The word „faith“ evokes a covenantal context for understanding the benefit of „not being put to shame.“ Faith implies pledging our allegiance and placing our hope in the true King who can save people from disgrace a particularly charles and keith dark blue x4945 coque iphone 7 plus iphone 8 plus 1coques8plusiphone6406 covenantal idea. Here is my paraphrase that accounts for the covenantal assumptions of Isa 28:16, et al.: „Peoples who are faithful to God by trusting himwill not be excluded coque iphone 7 douce 7032antenpascher2062 from the blessings good morning i see the assassins have failed coque iphone 11 and promises of honor, which God has made to his people.“ As you can see, this differs baby chewbacca star wars l1039 coque samsung galaxy s20 s20 5g from contemporary interpretations galaxy s8 coque gel of „faith“ and „shame,“ which lead to a different reading: „Any individual who acknowledges Jesus as personal Savior will not deal with low self esteem and personal rejection.“ I believe this latter statement is theological true and important, but not the main focus of NT citations of Isaiah 28:6.
Three, Paul and Peter cite Isaiah 28:6 to explain the new covenant community. „Who“ are the people of God coque samsung a5 2017 personnalisable In Romans 9 11, Paul clarifies the Jew and Gentile relationship and, specifically, which group of people obtains „the adoption, the glory, the covenant“ (9:4). In Romans 10, the logical reason why believers won’t be shamed is, „For there is no distinction between Jew and Gentile“ (cf. Rom 3:22 23). God has opened the covenant beyond ethnic Israel so that people from all groups can experience the covenant blessing of shame removal. „Whoever believes has no shame“ is a way of saying „All people, fairy tail natsu coque 360 galaxy a5 2017 z3727 coque iphone 7 plus iphone 8 plus 1coques8plusiphone4744 including Gentiles, can be full covenant members.“
The concept of „covenantal people of God“ is also explicit in 1 Peter 2:4 10. Verses 9 and 10, in particular, use several exodus related titles of Israel to redefine the new community of God. Just as God long ago rescued Israel from shame, formed a covenant with them, and made them a special people, he has done so again through Jesus. „No shame“ is, and always has been, a gift/benefit of God covenant people.
Four, the idea of „not being put to shame“ is synonymous with „salvation.“ The verses following Romans 9:33 and 10:11 both use „save“ language. Shame is not a psychological emotion, but a theological reality from which we are divinely saved. God, as the true king, rescues his people from public disgrace and condemnation. Such a salvation occurred at the exodus/Mosaic covenant, and then was anticipated in the return from exile/New Covenant, which has happened in Christ…